Located 33 kilometers (20.5 miles) northwest of Harbin City, Harbin Taiping International Airport (HRB) is currently the second largest airport in northeastern China. Formerly known as Yanjiagang Airport , Harbin Airport was first built in 1979, after which it underwent considerable expansion between 1994 and 1997. It achieved an international airport status in 1984 and serves as one of the most important transportation hubs for northeastern China. The airport is currently well equipped to handle 6 million passengers annually and has more than 50 air routes, covering over 40 domestic and overseas cities. These include Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Changsha, Seoul, Osaka, Vladivostok and Los Angeles.
The most convenient way of visiting in and around Harbin is via the extensive bus network with more than one hundred bus routes reaching all parts of the city. Usually, the starting time of these buses is between 05:00 and 06:30, and run until between 19:00 to 21:30. Most of the buses are self service, so you have to prepare enough small changes before boarding. Additionally, two special tourist routes are operating between 07:00 to 19:00 daily. One departs from the Flood Control Monument and runs to Sun Island. The other passes several tourist spots in the downtown area, for example, the Flood Control Monument, St. Sofia Orthodox Church, Harbin Railway Station and Museum.
Taking a taxi is the best way to save time in your journey without time limit. Overall, the price of local taxis is a little higher and is according to the logo of the car. Usually, the taxi with a Xiali logo is CNY7 for the first three kilometers (about 1.86 miles) and then CNY1.6 for every additional kilometer. The flag-down rate of a taxi with the Jetta logo is CNY8 for the first three kilometers and CNY1.9 for each additional kilometer. The price of a taxi with the Chery logo is CNY7 for the first three kilometers and the distance surcharge is CNY1.9 per additional kilometer.
Harbin subway is China’s first subway system in rigid cold region. Started being built in 2008, the plan is to have ‘9 lines and 1 circle’, measuring 340 kilometers (about 211 miles) long. By 2018, line 1, phase 1 of line 2 and line 3 will be completed, forming the mainframe of a ‘+' plus a circle. All the 10 lines are scheduled to be finished in 20 years. At present, line 1 and 3 are under construction and line 2 will start to be built in the near future. In the latter half of 2013, the line 1 will be put into official service.